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How To Lower Your Ldl And Triglycerides

How Can Levels Of Hdl Cholesterol Be Increased

Nutrition : How to Lower LDL Cholesterol and Triglycerides
  • The first step in increasing HDL cholesterol levels is by implementing and maintaining therapeutic life style changes.
  • Regular aerobic exercise, loss of excess weight , and smoking cessation will increase HDL cholesterol levels.
  • Regular alcohol consumption in moderation will also raise HDL cholesterol. Because of other adverse health consequences of excessive alcohol consumption, alcohol is not recommended as a standard treatment for low HDL cholesterol.

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Filtered Coffee Is A Better Choice

A study published in 2018 tracked how much coffee people 18 to 24 drank in the course of a week and compared it to their cholesterol levels. The researchers found that the more espresso-based drinks the participants drank, the higher their cholesterol.

Espresso is brewed by having hot water shot directly into fine coffee grounds, rather than dripping slowly through a filter the way most household coffee makers do it. The result is coffee that has higher levels of the two cholesterol-raising compounds. Other similar methods where grinds and water come in direct contact include boiled coffee, coffee made from French-presses, Turkish coffee, and the increasingly popular pour-over method.

On the other hand, filters like the kind used in your local diner or your house in the morning reduce the amount of those oils in the coffee. The researchers concluded that their results are important, given how much coffee Americans enjoy, and that more research needs to be done. Commenting on the research, experts recommended that those folks who want to lower or prevent high cholesterol stick to filtered coffee.

Limit Your Alcohol Intake

Alcohol can increase your levels of triglycerides. Along with LDL cholesterol, high levels of triglycerides raise your risk of heart disease.

Excess alcohol consumption also increases blood pressure and can lead to obesity both additional risk factors for heart disease.

To reduce the risk of heart disease and other risks from alcohol, limit your intake to no more than 10 standard drinks per week and no more than 4 drinks per day.

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Increase Your Intake Of Unsaturated Fats

Studies show that monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can reduce blood triglyceride levels, especially when theyre replacing carbs in your diet .

Monounsaturated fats are found in foods like olive oil, nuts, and avocados. Polyunsaturated fats are present in vegetable oils and fatty fish, as well as nuts and seeds such as walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.

A 2019 review of 27 studies reported that while olive oil consumption does decrease triglycerides levels, it does so significantly less than other types of plant oil .

One older study analyzed the diets of 452 adults in a specific population of Indigenous people in Alaska over the previous 24 hours.

It found that saturated fat intake was associated with increased blood triglycerides, while polyunsaturated fat intake was associated with lower triglyceride levels .

To maximize the triglyceride-lowering benefits of unsaturated fats, pick a heart-healthy fat like olive oil and use it to replace other types of fat in your diet, such as trans fats or highly processed vegetable oils .

Summary

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can decrease blood triglyceride levels, especially when theyre consumed in place of other fats.

Add More Fiber To Your Diet

Many of the same lifestyle changes and medications can lower both ...

Fiber is the part of your food that isnt digested, and its important because it helps you feel full. According to a study published in February 2019 in the journal Current Developments in Nutrition, dietary fiber can reduce the risk of high triglycerides in young to middle-aged adults who are overweight or obese. In general, fiber-rich foods also have carbohydrate content that is more complex and can lead to more gradual absorption by the body, which can also help temper the triglyceride increase that occurs after meals, says Michael Wesley Milks, MD, a cardiologist and assistant professor of clinical medicine at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus. Fiber is found in whole grains and nutrient-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables.

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Putting It All Together

Improving triglyceride levels is simple. From a dietary perspective, all you have to do is two things: eat fewer carbs and eat more marine-derived omega 3s.

The best way to do this is by implementing a Mediterranean-style ketogenic diet. To follow this diet correctly, you must:

  • Restrict carbohydrate
  • Eat plenty of nuts, olives/olive oil, low-carb vegetables, and fatty fish like sardines and salmon

To enhance your results, you can also:

  • Restrict calories to lose weight
  • Implement a sleep schedule and improve sleep quality
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day
  • Supplement with marine-derived omega 3s, curcumin, niacin, and/or garlic extract
  • Eat more MCTs from coconut oil or an MCT oil supplement
  • Avoid alcohol, trans fats, and added sugar

However, even if you implement these triglyceride lowering suggestions flawlessly, you will only know if they worked by getting a blood test.

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Making Diet And Lifestyle Changes

  • 1Lose weight. If youre overweight, talk with your doctor about safely losing weight.XExpert SourcePouya Shafipour, MD, MSWeight Loss SpecialistExpert Interview. 8 May 2020. Your doctor or nutritionist can work with you to create a personalized weight loss plan. Even a small amount of weight loss can help to raise your HDL levels.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the worlds leading hospitalsGo to source
  • 2Pouya Shafipour, MD, MSWeight Loss SpecialistExpert Interview. 8 May 2020. Complex carbohydrates offer more fiber, which can increase your HDL while lowering LDL and triglycerides. Complex carbohydrates also take longer for your body to process, so youll feel fuller longer. This may help you lose weight as well. To include complex carbohydrates, choose:XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the worlds leading hospitalsGo to sourceXTrustworthy SourceAmerican Heart AssociationLeading nonprofit that funds medical research and public educationGo to sourceXTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source
  • Fruit : plums, peaches, nectarines, apples
  • Vegetables: artichokes, broccoli, brussels sprouts
  • Whole wheat breads and pasta
  • Avoid red meat because it contains a high amount of cholesterol which can raise your LDL levels. When you do eat red meat, choose grass-fed red meat.
  • Leafy green vegetables
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    How Do I Know If I Have High Cholesterol

    Many Australians don’t know they have high cholesterol, because there are no symptoms. High cholesterol can only be detected through a blood test.

    Some people have a condition called familial hypercholesterolaemia where a genetic problem leads to high cholesterol. About one in 500 Australians has this condition and many dont know they have it. If you have a family history of high cholesterol or of heart disease at a young age, ask your doctor about your risk.

    Try Having One Vegetarian Meal Every Week

    Lower TRIGLYCERIDES Quickly (Simple Steps) 2022

    Dont let the word vegetarian scare you. By choosing a smartly prepared vegetarian meal, youre hitting multiple cholesterol-lowering goals at the same time, like eating healthier fats and getting more soluble fiber. Plus, many vegetarian meals are just as flavorful and filling as their meaty cousins.

    Heres one idea for a low-cholesterol recipe: Try a freshly prepared salad with a sesame vinaigrette and some grilled, spiced tofu. For dessert, add some fresh blueberries, strawberries and oats to low-fat vanilla yogurt.

    The key here is to build up a routine, like making every Tuesday night vegetarian night. Once that becomes the norm, try expanding to different nights, or add a weekly vegetarian lunch, too. You can also be flexitarian by just eating smaller portions of meat. Over time, these modifications can really pay off.

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    Can Stress Cause High Triglycerides

    Your body’s response to stress is supposed to protect you. But, if it’s constant, it can harm you. The hormone cortisol is released in response to stress. Studies suggest that the high levels of cortisol from long-term stress can increase blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure.

    Taking Herbs And Supplements

  • 1Use a high-dose of niacin daily. You can purchase an over-the-counter niacin supplement to lower your triglycerides, lower LDL, and raise HDL. Take a supplement of no more than 1200 to 1500 mg a day or follow your doctor’s recommendation. This B vitamin should not be taken if you have liver disease, an active peptic ulcer, or a bleeding disorder.XResearch source
  • Side effects include hot flashes and nausea, vomiting, liver problems, gout and increased blood sugar levels.
  • Niacin is also available by prescription, which tends to be more effective. Talk to your doctor about getting a prescription niacin supplement.
  • 2Take plant sterols. Ask your doctor if you should supplement with plant sterols . These can increase your HDL while lowering LDL.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source With your doctor’s approval, take 1 gram of beta-sitosterol 3 times a day. Or, take 300 mg of gamma oryzanol once a day. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use.
  • If you prefer to get plant sterols from your diet, eat seeds nuts, vegetable oils, and foods fortified with sterols .
  • 3Include an omega-3 supplement. To lower your LDL and triglycerides while increasing your HDL, take a supplement . Take two 3,000 mg capsules of combined EPA and DHA every day.XResearch source
  • Garlic supplements have also been shown to lower triglyceride levels.XResearch source
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    Increase Your Physical Activity

    Physical activity increases levels of HDL cholesterol the good cholesterol that removes LDL cholesterol from the blood. Vigorous aerobic exercise is best.

    If you havent been exercising much lately, gradually build up to the recommended amount of physical activity:

    • People aged 18-64 years should do 30 to 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week.
    • People aged 65 years and over should aim for a total of 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most days .

    Moderate-intensity exercise is a level that increases your heart rate and breathing but allows you to keep talking. Vigorous intensity exercise makes your heart rate higher and makes you breathe more heavily.

    Resistance training and muscle-toning exercises can increase HDL cholesterol. Aim to do this twice a week.

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    No Apparent Danger Of Very Low Ldl Cholesterol

    Diet To Lower Triglycerides And Ldl

    LDL is a key component of many hormones and all cell membranes, which allow cells to communicate with each other. Earlier studies had raised concerns that lowering LDL too far might interfere with normal cellular functions, especially in organs that have higher lipid concentrations, such as the brain and reproductive organs. And there have been reports of a slightly increased risk of osteoporosis and brain bleeding in patients treated with high doses of statin medications.

    Well-known side effects in people who use statin medications include muscle aches and a slightly increased risk of diabetes, especially when high doses of medication are used. Whether these risks are due to the statin medications themselves or the lowering of LDL is not entirely clear.

    However, people with rare inherited disorders in which LDL levels are extremely low from birth appear to have normal fertility and no major organ dysfunction. Therefore, an extremely low LDL by itself does not appear to be dangerous in these unusual cases.

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    Consider Plant Sterols And Stanols

    Multiple types of supplements show promise for managing cholesterol.

    Plant stanols and sterols are plant versions of cholesterol. Because they resemble cholesterol, they are absorbed from the diet like cholesterol.

    However, because parts of their chemistry are different from human cholesterol, they do not contribute to clogged arteries.

    Instead, they reduce cholesterol levels by competing with human cholesterol. When plant sterols are absorbed from the diet, this replaces the absorption of cholesterol.

    Small amounts of plant stanols and sterols are naturally found in vegetable oils and are added to certain oils and butter substitutes.

    A research review reported that clinical studies show that taking 1.53 grams of plant sterols/stanols daily can reduce LDL concentration by 7.512%. Researchers said taking it with a main meal twice per day allows for optimal cholesterol-lowering .

    Although research has established the cholesterol-lowering benefit of plant stanols and sterols, it has not yet proved that they decrease the risk of heart disease. Numerous clinical trials have suggested that plant sterols supplements and enriched foods may lower heart disease risk, but hard data is still lacking .

    summary

    Plant stanols and sterols in vegetable oil or margarines compete with cholesterol absorption and reduce LDL by up to 20%. They are not proven to reduce heart disease.

    Exercise For 30 Minutes At Least 5 Days A Week

  • Moderate activity boosts your HDL cholesterol levels. HDL cholesterol picks up excess LDL cholesterol in your bloodstream and moves it out of your body. Activities such as a brisk walk, swimming, or biking are considered moderateâyou might be breaking a sweat, but you can still carry on a conversation. If youre getting into more vigorous activity, you dont need to exercise as much to get the same benefitsâabout 20 minutes 3 times a week.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the worlds leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Exercise doesnt have to mean going to the gym. Find an activity you enjoy and get a friend to do it with you. That way, itll seem less like work and more like fun!
  • Always talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise program. Theyll let you know if youre healthy enough to do what you want and can recommend activities to get you started.
  • Stay active during your daily life as well. For example, you might take the stairs instead of the elevator. Youll boost your metabolism, which jumpstarts many positive changes in your health.
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    Replace Saturated Fats With Healthier Fats

    Replacing foods that contain mainly saturated fats with foods that contain unsaturated fats such as polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats will help reduce your cholesterol level.

    For example, instead of butter and cream in cooking, use olive oil, nut butters or avocado.

    Healthy unsaturated fats are found in:

    • fruits and vegetables

    Limit Sugar Refined Carbohydrates And Too Much Alcohol

    Lowering Triglycerides – Mayo Clinic

    Do you have to eat a keto diet to lower triglycerides? Not necessarily. Reducing sugars, refined carbohydrates, and alcohol may be enough to lower your levels.

    As we mentioned, any caloric excess can increase triglycerides. However, the most likely sources of extra calories are excess sugar, refined carbs, and alcohol.19

    One reason carbs and sugars commonly increase triglycerides may be that carbs and sugars are two of the most commonly overconsumed foods. However, another reason could be that fructose and alcohol are more likely to cause fatty liver, which can raise triglycerides.20

    One study reports that simply replacing sugar-sweetened beverages with water reduced triglycerides.21

    And another reports that decreasing alcohol consumption lowered fasting triglycerides.22

    Other factors, such as baseline obesity and insulin resistance, may make it more likely that eating carbs would cause an individuals triglycerides to rise.23

    If youre overweight or have insulin resistance, the evidence shows its important to reduce carbs. However, the data suggests that most people with high triglycerides even people with normal weight would benefit from reducing sugar, refined carbs, and alcohol.

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    Start A Healthy Plan And Make A Delicious Recipe

    One of the best ways to reduce or prevent high cholesterol is to cut back on the foods that cause it. Those include trans fats, often listed as partially hydrogenated oil on cookie and cracker packages, and saturated fats, found mostly in meat, cheese and butter. To replace those foods, eat more high-fiber plant foods and heart-healthy fats the foods known to lower cholesterol. We list seven of these superfoods below. If overhauling your entire diet sounds too hard, try making just one change per week to make healthy changes that stick.

    Week 1: Opt for oats for breakfastOats just might be the perfect way to start your day. They energize you, keep you regular and have more soluble fiber the kind that kicks out bad LDL cholesterol than any other grain. You dont even have to cook them see below for the easiest recipe ever. Other good grain choices are oat bran, barley and whole grains in general.

    Week 2: Add an apple a dayApples are high in pectin, another type of soluble fiber that lowers LDL cholesterol. Strawberries, blueberries, grapes and oranges also pack loads of pectin and other nutrients that give them their vibrant colors, so load up.

    Week 4: Have a handful of nutsSnacking on a small handful of walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts or pistachios every day can lower bad cholesterol by about 5 percent, studies show. The unsaturated fats in nuts are good for your heart too, unlike the saturated or trans fats in salami, cheese and many crackers.

    What Foods Should I Eat To Lower My Cholesterol And Triglycerides

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