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Which Is Better Hdl Or Ldl Cholesterol

How Do You Boost Your Hdl Level In Your Blood

Cholesterol: HDL vs. LDL

Here are nine healthy ways to raise your good HDL cholesterol.

  • Consume olive oil. Extra virgin olive oil may be more healthful than processed olive oils.
  • Follow a low-carb or ketogenic diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Add coconut oil to your diet.
  • Stop smoking.
    • Lard, dripping and goose fat.
    • Fatty meat and meat products such as sausages.
    • Full fat cheese, milk, cream and yogurt.
    • Coconut and palm oils and coconut cream.

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    What Are Good And Bad Cholesterol

    Rather than two different kinds of cholesterol that are good and bad, there are two different types of lipoproteins that cholesterol travels in. Having some of both types of lipoproteins is essential for good health.

    High-density lipoproteins, called HDL cholesterol, are often thought of as good because they remove cholesterol from your arteries and take it back to your liver to process and eliminate.

    Low-density lipoproteins, called LDL cholesterol, are thought of as the bad cholesterol, because they leave cholesterol in your arteries. While you need some LDL and HDL cholesterol for your body to work properly, too much cholesterol in total can lead to health problems, as the extra LDL cholesterol builds up in your arteries.

    What Is Ldl Cholesterol

    Medical terms can be confusing. However, it is important to know and understand them. Letâs delve into cholesterol and learn what is LDL cholesterol. Simply put, it is low-density lipoproteins.

    Is LDL good or bad? LDL is considered to be bad cholesterol. Low-density lipoproteins transport cholesterol into the arteries. As the cholesterol is transported into the arteries, it can build up. This build-up is called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis hardens the arteries and increases the risk of developing a blood clot against the side of the artery.

    If the blood clot breaks away from the side of the blood vessel, it can travel through the bloodstream. If the blood clot reaches the heart, it can cause a heart attack. If it reaches the brain, it can cause a stroke. Additionally, excess cholesterol buildup in the blood vessels can reduce the blood flow to major organs in the body. When blood flow is reduced, oxygen is reduced. When this occurs, the risk of peripheral arterial disease or kidney disease increases.

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    Substitute Healthy Oils In Place Of Butter And Margarine

    Of course, its not always realistic to avoid fats when youre whipping up a tasty meal.

    When you do need to add fat for cooking, baking or pan frying, use healthy oils instead of solid fats like butter, margarine, shortening and lard. Solid fats are high in saturated fats, but oils are high in unsaturated fats, which remember are better for you. The American Heart Association recommends using oils that have less than 4 grams of saturated fat per tablespoon .

    Many times, its easy to swap a solid fat to a healthier one. Try using olive oil, sunflower oil or grapeseed oil in place of a solid fat.

    For example, if youd rather use olive oil than butter, substitute ¾ the amount of butter in a recipe with olive oil. You might also bring out some new, surprising, subtle flavors, too.

    How To Increase Hdl Cholesterol

    Difference in HDL and LDL

    Although HDL levels are driven by family genetics, you can improve HDL levels in three key ways:

    • If you are a smoker, research clearly shows that quitting smoking can increase HDL.
    • Adopting a heart-healthy diet low in fat and high in fiber can also modestly raise your HDL.
    • Aerobic exercise can also have positive effects on HDL. Have trouble exercising? Find a buddy research shows it helps motivate you. That exercise can be as simple as increasing the amount of walking you do each week.

    Lastly, although primarily used to decrease high LDL, some statin medications may potentially increase HDL levels moderately. Any medical treatment option should be discussed with your doctor. Importantly, high HDL does not protect you from the untoward effects of high LDL.

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    What Causes High Cholesterol

    Your liver produces cholesterol, but you also get cholesterol from food. Eating too many foods that are high in fat can increase your cholesterol level.

    Being overweight and inactive also causes high cholesterol. If you are overweight, you most likely have a higher level of triglycerides. If you never exercise and arent active in general, it can lower your HDL .

    You family history also affects your cholesterol level. Research has shown that high cholesterol tends to run in families. If you have an immediate family member who has it, you could have it, too.

    Smoking also causes high cholesterol. It lowers your HDL .

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    The Difference Between Hdl And Ldl

    LDL, commonly referred to as the bad cholesterol, carries cholesterol to cells throughout your body and can cause cholesterol to build up within your arteries. This plaque can eventually lead to arterial blockage and an increased risk for heart disease and stroke. The higher your LDL levels, the greater risk you have of developing heart disease or suffering a stroke.

    HDL, conversely known as the good cholesterol, absorbs cholesterol and carries it away from your heart and other organs and back to the liver, which flushes it from the body. HDL has also been noted for its anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies have also shown a correlation between low HDL levels and risk of dementia and memory loss. In contrast to LDL, the higher your HDL levels, the better.

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    Effects Of High Cholesterol Levels

    The liver is the main processing centre for cholesterol and dietary fat. When we eat animal fats, the liver transports the fat, together with cholesterol in the form of lipoproteins, into our bloodstream.

    Too much cholesterol circulating within LDL in our bloodstream leads to fatty deposits developing in the arteries. This causes the vessels to narrow and they can eventually become blocked. This can lead to heart disease and stroke.

    Why Is Cholesterol Important To Our Bodies

    Low (LDL) vs High (HDL) Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Explained

    Every cell in the body needs cholesterol, which helps the cell membranes form the layers. These layers protect the contents of the cell by acting as the gatekeeper to what things can enter or leave the cell. It is made by the liver and is also used by the liver to make bile, which helps you digest foods. Cholesterol is also needed to make certain hormones and to produce vitamin D. Your liver makes enough cholesterol to meet your bodys needs for these important functions.

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    Alcohols Negative Heart Impact

    Even though alcohol does have some health benefits, we have to admit theyre limited. Further, taking up wine drinking to support your heart health isnt recommended by most doctors.

    You can get the same HDL raising effects without drinking alcohol through:

    • Exercise
    • Quitting smoking if you are a smoker
    • Choosing heart-healthy fats
    • Eating a balanced diet

    These means of raising your HDL cholesterol are better for your overall health and wont pack on additional calories like the sugar from alcohol will.

    Additionally, you can get a healthy helping of resveratrol from the skins of grapes and blueberries.

    Too much alcohol is associated with an increase in heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure, and that is reason enough to opt for other ways to support your heart health.

    To top it all off, according to the American Heart Association, no data has directly linked alcohol consumption and better heart health.

    What Is The Difference Between Good And Bad Cholesterol

    Last reviewed January 6, 2022

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    Cholesterol a waxy substance that builds in the arteries is not completely harmful, despite its reputation for being bad for you. In fact, some of it can even improve your health when consumed in the right amounts.

    The physicians at the USC Cardiac and Vascular Institute at Keck Medicine of USC can measure your good cholesterol and bad cholesterol levels, and help you adopt healthier eating and living habits so you can achieve the best balance of both.

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    How Can I Lower My Blood Sugar And Cholesterol Quickly

    Here are a few tips to effectively reduce high blood sugar and cholesterol levels:

  • Eat healthy fats. To reduce cholesterol levels, many people cut out sources of fat from their diets.
  • Reduce your intake of added. sugars.
  • Consume more vegetables. Increasing your intake of both.
  • Eat mostly whole, nutritious. foods.
  • How To Lower Your Cholesterol

    If youve been told that you have high cholesterol or you just want to prevent it what can you do?

    There are several ways to manage it, including:

    Medication: Depending on your overall cardiovascular disease risk, you might be treated with a cholesterol-lowering medication, such as a statin. The decision to use a statin is based on a womans overall risk for heart attack and stroke including all these factors and the LDL cholesterol value.

    If you already have vascular disease or evidence of atherosclerosis, or if you are at high risk for cardiovascular disease, a statin for prevention is strongly recommended because this treats the plaque in the arteries, and lowers LDL cholesterol, Michos says.

    Diet and lifestyle:Diet and lifestyle are very important to help maintain healthy cholesterol levels. Even for women who are recommended to take cholesterol-lowering medications, a healthy lifestyle helps these drugs work better, says Michos.

    Heres how to maintain a lifestyle that promotes healthy cholesterol levels:

    Add these to your shopping list:

    • Fatty fish such as salmon, trout, mackerel, sardines and albacore tuna
    • Nuts, including walnuts, pecans, almonds and hazelnuts
    • Olive oil to drizzle lightly over your salads and vegetables

    While nobody wants to have high cholesterol, there are plenty of ways to keep it in check. With regular checkups and attention to what you eat, its possible to manage your cholesterol and blood fats to keep your heart healthy, says Michos.

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    Symptoms Of High Cholesterol

    Often, there are no specific symptoms of high cholesterol. You could have high cholesterol and not know it.

    If you have high cholesterol, your body may store the extra cholesterol in your arteries. These are blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. A buildup of cholesterol in your arteries is known as plaque. Over time, plaque can become hard and make your arteries narrow. Large deposits of plaque can completely block an artery. Cholesterol plaques can also break apart, leading to formation of a blood clot that blocks the flow of blood.

    A blocked artery to the heart can cause a heart attack. A blocked artery to your brain can cause a stroke.

    Many people dont discover that they have high cholesterol until they suffer one of these life-threatening events. Some people find out through routine check-ups that include blood tests.

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    How To Lower Ldl Cholesterol

    Lifestyle and diet changes are the main ways to prevent or lower high LDL. A trial of eating a low-fat diet, regular aerobic activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and smaller waist circumference is an appropriate first step. It is best to set a timeline to achieve your goals with your doctor. In some cases, if those lifestyle changes are not enough, your physician may suggest a cholesterol lowering medication, such as a statin. If you are considering over-the-counter herbal or ayurvedic medications for cholesterol, please discuss those with your physician first as well.

    Rarely, very high LDL is genetic and passed down in families. This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by a genetic mutation that decreases the livers ability to clear excess cholesterol. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. Those individuals may require special medical treatment for prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

    Remember, knowledge is the first step. If you dont know your cholesterol levels, get tested. That will give you and your physician a starting point for lifestyle changes and medications if needed. In the meantime, adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle, and do it with friends and family no matter their ages. Theres no time like the present to prevent heart disease.

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    Total Cholesterol To Hdl Ratios

    The total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio can help a person know if they are consuming enough good cholesterol and to limit sources of bad cholesterol. It can be measured by dividing the total cholesterol by the HDL level.

    Ideally, the ratio should be below 4. The lower this number is, the healthier a persons cholesterol levels are.

    Total cholesterol does fluctuate, so more than one blood test might be required for an accurate assessment. Levels can change following a meal, so sometimes a blood test will be taken first thing in the morning before a person has breakfast.

    suggest that the total cholesterol to HDL ratio is a better marker of the risk of heart disease than LDL cholesterol levels alone.

    Non-HDL cholesterol

    Another method of assessing cholesterol levels is calculating a non-HDL cholesterol level. This is measured by subtracting HDL cholesterol from the total cholesterol.

    This method is considered to be more accurate by some doctors because it includes very low-density lipoprotein levels in the calculation.

    Similarly to LDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol can also build up inside the walls of blood vessels, which is undesirable.

    Ideally, a non-HDL cholesterol level should be less than 130 mg/dL. A higher value than that increases the risk for heart disease.

    Dietary Tips To Avoid Cholesterol

    HDL and LDL Explained (Made Easy to Understand, Updated Version)

    The most important thing you can do to reduce your cholesterol level is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. You should try to:

    • Increase the amount and variety of fresh fruit, vegetables and wholegrain foods you have each day.
    • Choose low or reduced-fat milk, yoghurt and other dairy products or have added calcium soy drinks.
    • Choose lean meat .
    • Limit fatty meats, including sausages and salami, and choose leaner sandwich meats like turkey breast or cooked lean chicken.
    • Have fish at least twice a week.
    • Replace butter and dairy blends with polyunsaturated margarines.
    • Include foods in your diet that are rich in soluble fibre and healthy fats, such as nuts, legumes and seeds.
    • Limit cheese and ice cream to twice a week.

    Other storage fats that are transported in blood lipoproteins include triglycerides. When present in high concentrations in the blood, this fat is also a risk for heart attack. Some foods will affect the cholesterol level or the triglyceride level and some will affect both.

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    Lcat As A Therapeutic Target For Dyslipidemia

    Overexpression of human LCAT in rabbits and co-overexpression with CETP in mice has shown protection against diet-induced atherogenesis . Conversely, several mutations in apoAI that impair its LCAT activation are strongly correlated with reduced HDL levels . Physiologically, LCAT binds FC and phosphatidylcholine , transferring the acyl chain at the sn-2 position of PC to FC, producing CE and lyso-PC. LCAT, an interfacial enzyme , functions on the surface of HDL particles. Binding to the HDL surface activates the enzyme, but optimal activity is reached only after association with a cofactor. The most potent activator of LCAT is apoAI, and the mechanism of activation is thought to be similar to that of PL by colipase which forms a 1:1 complex with PL . A three-dimensional structure for LCAT is currently unavailable, although a computational model has been proposed . The model suggests that LCAT has an architecture similar to that of the family of / hydrolases . Consistent with this hypothesis, mutational experiments that changed the catalytic residues Ser181 , His377, and Asp345 into Ala resulted in complete loss of, or severe reductions in, enzyme activity.

    Hdl Versus Ldl Cholesterol

    There are two main types of cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein . Lipoproteins are made of fat and proteins. Cholesterol moves through your body while inside lipoproteins.

    HDL is known as good cholesterol because it transports cholesterol to your liver to be expelled from your body. HDL helps rid your body of excess cholesterol so its less likely to end up in your arteries.

    LDL is called bad cholesterol because it takes cholesterol to your arteries, where it may collect in artery walls. Too much cholesterol in your arteries may lead to a buildup of plaque known as atherosclerosis. This can increase the risk of blood clots in your arteries. If a blood clot breaks away and blocks an artery in your heart or brain, you may have a stroke or heart attack.

    Plaque buildup may also reduce blood flow and oxygen to major organs. Oxygen deprivation to your organs or arteries may lead to kidney disease or peripheral arterial disease, in addition to a heart attack or stroke.

    Centers for Disease Control , over 31 percent of Americans have high LDL cholesterol. You may not even know it because high cholesterol doesnt cause noticeable symptoms.

    The only way to find out if your cholesterol is high is through a blood test that measures cholesterol in milligrams per deciliter of blood . When you get your cholesterol numbers checked, youll receive results for:

    To treat high cholesterol, doctors often recommend these lifestyle changes:

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    Why Is There Tg In The Blood

    The most common reason for elevated triglycerides is prediabetes. Chronically high insulin stimulates adipokines and hormone-sensitive lipase. This results in the release of too many fatty acids from fat cells. These excess fatty acids take up space in HDL and LDL particles.

    TG can also become elevated in several inherited diseases.

    Add Oats And Whole Grains

    Cholesterol types comparison with HDL and LDL lipoprotein vector ...

    Nutritional guidelines recommend that people get 20-35 grams of fiber every day. But the average American only eats about half the recommended amount. Incorporating a bowl of oatmeal or adding healthy whole grains to a healthy diet can increase overall soluble fiber intake and lower heart disease risk.

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