What Statins Are Available To Treat High Cholesterol
Available statin drugs
- Increased blood glucose levels.
- Reversible memory issues.
If youre unable to take statins because of the side effects, youre said to be statin-intolerant. If you are taking a statin, you should avoid grapefruit products because they can increase side effects. You should limit the amount of alcohol that you drink because combining alcohol and statin usage can increase your risk of liver damage. You may want to talk with your provider or pharmacist if you are concerned about any other types of interactions.
PCSK9 inhibitors are designed to attach to a particular liver protein, which results in lowered LDL cholesterol. This class of drug can be given with statins and is usually for people at high risk of heart disease who have not been able to lower their cholesterol enough through other means.
Cholesterol Levels In Dialysis Patients
In a study of dialysis patients, those with higher cholesterol levels had lower mortality than those with low cholesterol.51 Yet the authors claimed that the inverse association of total cholesterol level with mortality in dialysis patients is likely due to the cholesterol-lowering effect of systemic inflammation and malnutrition, not to a protective effect of high cholesterol concentrations. Keeping an eye on further funding opportunities, the authors concluded: These findings support treatment of hypercholesterolemia in this population.
Conducting A Physical Examination
A doctor will examine you and test for neurological function. This includes testing your reflexes, muscle strength, and sensory functions. A doctor may test to see if you can feel various sensations, such as a pinprick or light touch on both sides of the body.
Of special interest is where and to what extent someone is experiencing numbness of limbs. For example, numbness on both sides of the body can indicate a brain lesion. Numbness in only part of a limb can indicate peripheral nerve damage.
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High Cholesterol Effects On Eyes
High cholesterol, or hyperlipidemia, is characterized by the presence in the bloodstream of abnormally high total cholesterol — combined high-density lipoprotein, or HDL, and low-density lipoprotein — LDL, abnormally high LDL — bad cholesterol, and/or abnormally high triglycerides. This condition can have adverse affects on your eyes, causing corneal arcus, retinal vein occlusion and xanthomas.
Understanding Dizziness In The Elderly
The prevalence of dizziness and vertigo in the elderly is rapidly increasing. It is so common that dizziness in the elderly is often referred to as a normal age-related phenomenon. Dizziness in the elderly can lead to falling, which is a major cause of accidental death in those older than 65.
The causes of dizziness in the elderly may manifest differently since older patients report more non-specific dizziness than younger patients. This means diagnosing vertigo or dizziness in the elderly is far more complex than in younger adults.
In general, dizziness is a broad term that describes anything from faintness to a loss of balance. There are many causes of vertigo in the elderly. In fact, the causes of dizziness in the elderly generally may include brittle bones, weaker muscles, vision loss, vascular problems, a new prescription for eyeglasses, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Fear or anxiety about death, a change in medication, or medication side effects can also lead to dizziness and an increased risk of falling. The fear of dependence on others and loneliness can sometimes be more frightening than death, and is often especially widespread in the elderly. In times of dizziness or vertigo, older adults may experience confusion and helplessness, which can trigger upsetting memories of past events such as world wars.
Ménières disease has often been regarded as a middle-aged disease. It is a rare yet serious inner ear disorder due to fluid accumulation in the inner ear.
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Sudden Drop In Blood Pressure
The autonomic nervous system helps the body regulate the shift in blood pressure when we stand up. As we get older, this system may deteriorate, causing a temporary drop in blood pressure when we standknown as orthostatic hypotensionresulting in lightheadedness. This may be a long-term problem, but there are medications to treat it, such as midodrine and fludrocortisone , so this too warrants a trip to your doctor.
How Does High Cholesterol Affect Our Health
Its important to reduce high cholesterol because of the risk for serious health issues if left untreated. These are a few of the complications that can result from high cholesterol:
Carotid artery disease is the buildup of plaque inside the carotid arteries . This can cause severe chest pains and lead to a stroke.
Strokes, which happen when a blockage occurs that prevents oxygen-rich blood from getting to a portion of the brain, can cause paralysis, brain damage or even result in death.
Heart attacks, which stop the blood flow to part of your heart, can cause dizziness, pain and fatigue, and if not treated in time, can also result in death.
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What If I Forget To Take It
If you forget to take a dose, skip the missed dose and take your next one the next day at the usual time.
Never take 2 doses at the same time. Never take an extra dose to make up for the forgotten one.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you.
You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
Diagnosing Dizziness In The Elderly
How is dizziness in the elderly diagnosed? The key to diagnosis is the doctor performing a physical examination and taking a thorough history. The doctor will listen to the patients story while asking questions related to the dizziness.
The questions might relate to the severity of the symptoms, the timing of the dizziness, and any accompanying symptoms, such as hearing loss, tinnitus, chest pain, diarrhea, vomiting, palpitations, shortness of breath, or abnormal bleeding. The doctor may also ask questions such as:
- Do symptoms resolve when the person is still?
- Does turning the head exacerbate symptoms?
- Is the dizziness related to changing position quickly?
- Does the dizziness resolve on its own, or must something be done like lying down?
In a physical examination, the doctor will likely take the persons blood pressure and pulse rate while lying down and standing to help indicate fluid status in the body. Physical examination will also be tailored to the patients medical history. As a result, in someone with vertigo, the doctor may focus on a neurological exam that may involve looking at eye movements.
The doctor may also check the ears and eyes, observe posture, and perform tests for checking balance.
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Can Getting High Cholesterol Levels Cause Dizziness Or Headaches
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Dizziness and Vertigo are considered the same, but they are not the same. Vertigo is a neurological condition in which the patient suffers from a phobia of height, and it may cause dizziness. But in the case of dizziness, having a phobia of height is not necessary. In dizziness, the patient may experience an external tingling sensation or an abnormal body movement..Dr. Harirama K Acharya, Senior Consultant Neurology and Clinical Director at Narayana Health City, Bangalore, shared the difference between dizziness and vertigo. The doctor shared the different symptoms of the same and the treatment options for the same..#NarayanaHealth #HealthForAll #AllForHealth #NHCares.For video consultation with the doctor, log on to https://video.narayana.health/home..Visit our website https://www.narayanahealth.org to know more about Narayana Health and its facilities..Connect with us:
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What Is High Blood Pressure
Leaving high blood pressure untreated may damage the blood vessels.
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood around the body. As it travels, the blood delivers oxygen to the bodys vital organs.
Sometimes, a problem in the body makes it harder for the heart to pump the blood. This could happen, for example, if an artery becomes too narrow.
Persistent high blood pressure can put a strain on the walls of the arteries. This can lead to a variety of health problems, some of which can be life threatening.
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Cautions With Other Medicines
Some medicines and rosuvastatin can interfere with each other and increase the chances of you having side effects.
Tell your doctor if you’re taking:
- antibiotics, such as erythromycin
- some antiviral medicines used to treat infections, such as HIV and hepatitis
- medicine for indigestion, such as Gaviscon
- blood-thinning medicines, such as clopidogrel and warfarin
- ciclosporin, used to treat psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
- contraceptive pills and hormone replacement therapy
- other medications used to lower cholesterol
If you’re taking rosuvastatin and need to take one of these medicines, your doctor may lower your dose or prescribe a different statin.
If you need to take an antibiotic, your doctor might recommend you stop taking rosuvastatin for a while.
These are not all the medicines that can interfere with rosuvastatin.
For a full list, see the leaflet inside your medicine packet or check with your pharmacist.
How Do Doctors Diagnose High Cholesterol
Experts recommend a routine cholesterol screening every 4 to 6 years. A cholesterol screening is an overall look at, or profile of the fats in your blood. It is typically part of a blood test called a full lipid profile, which shows the actual levels of each type of fat in your blood: LDL, HDL, triglycerides, and others, as well as total cholesterol. Depending on your personal health factors and medical history, your doctor may recommend testing your cholesterol more often.
Testing is important because high blood cholesterol is a significant risk factor in andstroke. Lowering blood cholesterol through increased physical activity, weight loss, smoking cessation, and proper diet decreases that risk. However, blood cholesterol is very specific to each person. For that reason, a full lipid profile is an important part of your medical history and essential information for your doctor to have.
If abnormalities are discovered a second series of blood tests may be ordered to help your doctor better understand your clinical situation. For example, different cholesterol subunits respond better to different medications. Other subunits do not respond to medication and, in that case, none may be prescribed.
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Other Causes Of Dizziness In Seniors
If you are a senior struggling with dizzy spells, there are several potential causes other than BPPV or spinal degeneration. The first is abnormal blood pressure, who can lead to orthostatic, or postural, hypotension. This results in quick dizzy spells when you stand up too quickly and is a concern to address with your doctor. Some medications also cause dizziness as a side effect, including ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, and calcium-channel blockers. Additionally, certain medications can interact with one another and cause dizziness. Finally, untreated mental health conditions like anxiety can cause dizziness. If youre anxious about retirement or other age-related concerns, you might notice more frequent dizzy spells.
Your golden years should be a relaxing opportunity to explore your interests and connect with family members. You shouldnt have to deal with frustrating dizzy spells. While there are several causes of dizziness in seniors, the vast majority of these conditions are highly treatable. Reach out to a trusted medical professional today so you can treat your dizziness and get back to enjoying your senior years.
Physical Symptoms That Indicate High Cholesterol Levels:
- Pain in Hands and Feet: Accumulation of cholesterol can clog the blood vessels of legs and hands. This build-up of cholesterol can occur continuously and make the hands and feet painful.
- Frequent tingling: Interruptions in the blood flow to certain parts of the body makes a tingling sensation in hands and legs. The high cholesterol levels in the blood make the blood flow thick and affect the normal flow of blood in the nerves and cause tingling.
- Chest Pain in the Left Side: Chest pain, especially on the left side indicates blockage of blood vessels around the heart and can cause pain. Sometimes, the pain may even spread up to the neck. The high levels of cholesterol in the blood can cause chest pain and can also be a sign of heart attack.
- A Frequent headache in the back of the head: The blockage of blood vessels in the area around the head causes a headache in the back of the head. This occurs when the blood vessels are clogged by the cholesterol plaque. If this is left unchecked, the blood vessels can rupture and cause a stroke.
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Bloating And Digestive Issues
The main reason for increased cholesterol levels is overeating fatty and fried food affects our liver and produces bad cholesterol in the body. If you are facing high cholesterol, then you may feel bloated even after eating significantly less.
Your stomach makes you feel heaviness and disinterest in appetite. The excess flow of lipid substance directly affects the metabolism and triggers the digestive system in your body, and you feel bloating and heaviness.
If you are constantly feeling these issues, then you must go for a lipid profile test.
Ten Symptoms Of High Cholesterol You Shouldnt Ignore
09 December, 2020
Those who know they have a tendency to suffer symptoms from certain health problems are often concerned about it. Therefore, well focus on these below.
Cholesterol is a waxy substance present in the fats of the blood. Although many only know it for its harmful effects on health, in reality, its essential for the optimal functioning of our body.
Cholesterol is necessary for the production of bile, which is responsible for digesting fat. In addition, its also responsible for the production of some hormones and helpful for your cardiovascular health.
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Numbness In The Body Parts
If you are constantly experiencing numbness in your body parts, then high cholesterol can be responsible for that. However, other causes can also be responsible for numbness and swelling.
When bad cholesterol appears high in your body, it affects blood circulation and prevents healthy nutrients from reaching the body. The lack of proper oxygen is also a cause of swelling and unusual numbness.
The Heart Of The Matter
Cholesterol affects every single cell, organ, and biological process that makes you you. Everyone has it, and everyone needs it but the goal is to have more of the good kind and less of the less-good kind.
High cholesterol usually shows up without warning there arent really any physical symptoms to rely on. If left untreated, high LDL cholesterol can lead to heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease.
Get a regular physical and blood test! Its the only reliable detection method.
High cholesterol is treatable. Its usually managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Theres a lot you can do to help prevent high cholesterol:
- Stick to a healthy diet.
- Get regular exercise.
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Possible Signs Of Low Cholesterol
Some studies have shown a link between low cholesterol and certain mental health disorders.
- Depression While there are many causes of depression, studies have shown patients with low cholesterol are more prone to depression Researchers do not totally understand the link between depression and low cholesterol, but believe it may be tied to cholesterols role in making Vitamin D. Vitamin D is important for cell growth. If brain cells arent healthy, you may experience anxiety or depression.
- Anxiety Like depression, studies show patients with very low levels of cholesterol had higher rates of anxiety than the general population.
What Is High Cholesterol
High cholesterol is when there’s too much bad cholesterol and/or not enough good cholesterol in your blood.
This picture shows what it looks like if you have low cholesterol, normal cholesterol and bad cholesterol levels.
Sometimes health professionals talk about the terms dyslipidaemia and hyperlipidaemia. Both are clinical terms that mean your levels of cholesterol are outside the normal range.
Symptoms of high cholesterol
You won’t know if you have high cholesterol because it doesn’t usually have symptoms. The only way to know is to have a blood test.
Why does high cholesterol matter?
When your cholesterol is too high it can build up as plaque in your arteries. If the plaque gets too big, or breaks off, it can cause a heart attack and stroke. This risk also increases when your triglycerides are too high.
Your doctor will use the results of your blood test and your other heart attack risk factors to decide whether you need medication to lower your cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
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Rapid Or Irregular Pulse
An occasional “skipped” heartbeat may be no cause for concern. But if you have a rapid or irregular heart rate this could be a symptom of a heart attack, heart failure, or an arrhythmia. This rapid or irregular pulse may also be accompanied by weakness, dizziness, or shortness of breath. Seek medical attention immediately some arrhythmias can lead to stroke, heart failure, or death without prompt medical intervention.
What Causes High Cholesterol If I Eat Healthy Can It Be Genetic
If you eat a healthy diet and get regular exercise but still have high cholesterol, your DNA may be a bigger factor than your lifestyle. About 1 in 250 people in the United States live with familial hypercholesterolemia , a life-threatening inherited disorder that causes high cholesterol.
Unfortunately, 90 percent of people who have it dont know it, according to the FH Foundation, a national nonprofit organization based in Pasadena, California. Screening for high cholesterol is the only way to identify people who have FH. Because of this, all children should have a cholesterol screening once between ages 9 and 11, recommends the American Academy of Pediatrics.
If your LDL is above 100, its already considered high. If its higher than 190, you may have FH, according to leading heart groups, such as the AHA, the American College of Cardiology, and the National Lipid Association. If a parent has FH, their child has a chance of having it, too. Finding out if you have FH and getting treated if you do is vital, because having FH means your risk of heart disease is 20 times higher than that of people who dont have inherited high cholesterol, according to the FH Foundation.
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