Too Much Of A Good Thing
No doubt: Fruit is good for you, especially if you’re having a piece of fruit instead of a rich dessert. But when you have high triglycerides, you may need to limit yourself to 2-3 pieces of fruit a day. That way, you won’t get too much of the natural sugars that are in fruit. If you’re having dried fruit, remember that the serving size is much smaller: 4 tablespoons of raisins , for example.
Are High Triglycerides A Common Problem
Experts recommend you keep your triglycerides below 150 milligrams per deciliter. About one-quarter of the people in the United States have high triglycerides. These numbers have declined since 2001, probably because more people take statin drugs and fewer people smoke cigarettes.
The U.S. FDAs ban on trans fats in food could be another reason triglyceride levels have dropped among Americans. Trans fats increase the levels of not only LDL cholesterol also called the bad cholesterol but also triglycerides.
Even though trans fats may be banned by the FDA, you should choose unsaturated fats over saturated ones.
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Beware Of Sugary Drinks
If you have high triglycerides , sugar is especially bad for you. You may not know that many beverages contain added sugar. Fruit juice, regular soda, sweetened coffee drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, and sweetened waters all contain sugar that may turn into triglycerides. The average adult in the U.S. consumes 145 calories from a sugar-sweetened beverage per day. Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages contributes to obesity, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, high triglycerides, and other chronic health conditions. Lower triglycerides by steering clear of sugar-sweetened beverages. Have some water with a squeeze of lemon juice or a splash of reduced-sugar or sugar-free juice instead.
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What Foods Do You Avoid If You Have High Triglycerides
High blood triglyceride levels are associated with increased risk for heart disease and stroke, and often accompany other conditions such as metabolic syndrome, obesity and uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes. Foods containing high levels of saturated fats and trans-fats contribute most to high triglycerides, and should be avoided if you’re trying to get yours under control. Exercise and a healthy diet can usually bring down your weight and reduce high triglycerides to a normal level, but if necessary your physician can prescribe medications to speed the process.
What Can I Eat For Breakfast If I Have High Triglycerides
4.3/5Here are some of the best morning foods for improving your numbers.
Cold water fish, which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, help lower triglycerides. Examples of omega-3 rich fish include salmon, sardines, mackerel, herring, tuna, and halibut. Other foods that help lower triglycerides include fiber-rich foods such as oats, flax meal, and beans.
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Avoid foods that have partially hydrogenated oil and instead, choose lean proteins, such as skinless white chicken meat, fish, low-fat dairy, egg whites, and legumes. Good oil choices are olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil. High-calorie foods: Excess calories increase triglyceride levels.
What is the main cause of high triglycerides?
Here are some of the best morning foods for improving your numbers.
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How Are High Triglycerides Diagnosed
High blood triglycerides are diagnosed with a routine blood test called a lipid panel. A lipid panel measures total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in the blood.
Triglyceride level ranges are:
- Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL
- A little bit high: 150 to 499 mg/dL
- Very high: 500 mg/dL or greater
- Moderately high: 500 to 886 mg/dL
- Very high: Greater than 886 mg/dL
Cut Calories To Lose Weight
Lose weight to further reduce triglyceride levels. Aim for a daily 500-calorie reduction from your normal intake to lose 1 pound per week. Adding exercise to your daily routine also helps burn calories, making weight loss easier. Start slow and make gradual changes so these new routines become a habit and a natural part of your healthy lifestyle.
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Saturated And Trans Fats
Saturated fats can raise triglyceride levels. They can be found in fried foods, red meat, chicken skin, egg yolks, high-fat dairy, butter, lard, shortening, margarine, and fast food. Alternatives include:
- Lean proteins such as skinless white chicken meat and fish
- Olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil
Trans fats are hydrogenated fats that can be found in some packaged and fried foods. Trans fats have been banned, with exceptions, from the food supply in the U.S.
Enjoy Some But Not Too Much Fruit
Fruit is part of a healthy diet, but too much fruit may hinder your ability to lower your triglycerides. Fruits contain varying amounts of fructose, a type of monosaccharide found in some foods. People who have high triglycerides should limit their intake of fructose to no more than 50 to 100 grams per day. Excess fructose increases triglycerides. Eat 2 to 3 servings of fruit per day. Dried fruits, like raisins, are high in fructose. Have no more than 2 tablespoons per day. Dates, raisins, figs, and dried apricots are high in fructose.
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Good Desserts To Keep Cholesterol & Triglycerides Down
Many desserts, such as brownies, cookies, cake and ice cream, contain saturated fat, sugar and other refined carbs. Too much of any of these in your diet can cause your cholesterol and triglycerides to increase, and both of those can raise your risk of heart disease. Fortunately, you dont have to completely eliminate dessert from your diet, but you do need to choose your sweet treats with care.
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Fats: Choose The Right Ones
The body needs fats to function correctly, but some fats are more healthful than others. Choosing healthful fats may help reduce triglyceride levels.
Solid fats come from meat, full-fat dairy products, and some tropical oils, such as coconut and palm oil. These foods contain trans fats and saturated fats.
Trans fats and saturated fats raise triglyceride levels, so people should try to replace them wherever possible.
Unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fats , can help lower triglyceride levels. Avocados and olive oil contain monounsaturated fats, also a healthful choice.
Omega-3 fats are present in cod liver oil, flaxseeds, and cold-water fish, such as salmon and sardines. People can add PUFAs to their diet by eating these foods.
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Overall Recommended Fruit Consumption
Eating too many calories or too much of foods that contain high amounts of sugar, including fruits, may increase triglyceride levels. To lower your triglycerides, the University of Wisconsin Hospitals website recommends eating at least two but no more than four servings of fruit per day and eating fresh whole fruit instead of juice or dried fruit. A serving of fruit is typically 1/2 cup of chopped fruit or berries or one piece of a whole fruit like an apple or an orange. Speak to your doctor or a registered dietitian to determine what type and how much fruit would be best for you to eat given your current health situation.
Saturated Fat Vs Cholesterol
Cholesterol itself isnt necessarily a bad thing to have in your body. Its a waxy substance that can be found in the fats running through your blood. You need cholesterol to build healthy cells. So, why exactly does cholesterol get a bad reputation?
There are two types of cholesterol: low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein . LDL is sometimes called bad cholesterol. It carries cholesterol to the tissues in your body. HDL is sometimes referred to as good cholesterol. It helps move cholesterol from the tissues in your body to your liver so it can flush out of your system.
Saturated fat, on the other hand, refers to the fat content in foods. Its mostly found in foods that are made from animal products. Too much saturated fat can raise the level of LDL cholesterol in your blood. Most people should try sticking to a maximum of 18 grams of saturated fat per day, or
American Heart Association recommends that people over age 20 who havent been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease have their cholesterol levels checked every four to six years. Your doctor may want to check your levels more frequently, however.
Left untreated, high cholesterol may cause an accumulation of cholesterol and other substances in your arteries. This condition is called atherosclerosis can slow blood flow through your arteries, creating clots and other issues.
You may also experience:
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Follow A Lower Carb Diet
Much like added sugar, extra calories from carbs in your diet are converted into triglycerides and stored in fat cells.
Not surprisingly, low carb diets have been linked to lower blood triglyceride levels .
A review of 12 randomized controlled trials found that people following reduced carb diets typically saw a reduction in triglyceride levels at 6, 12, and 24 months. Across these studies, triglyceride levels decreased the most 6 months after starting a reduced calorie diet .
A 2020 review compared low fat and low carb diets. Researchers found that 612 months after starting their relative diets, those on the low carb diet had greater decreases in triglyceride levels than those on a low fat diet .
Following a low carb diet can lead to a significant reduction in blood triglyceride levels, at least in the short term, when compared with a low fat diet.
Here Are Some Of The Best Foods To Help Lower Your Triglycerides
When it comes to heart health markers, many are aware of maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Not so much.
Yet, triglyceride levels are a marker of heart health too.
Heres what you need to know, and better yet, what you need to eat to keep your triglycerides in check!
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood that are formed when you eat more food than your body uses. Triglycerides are stored in your fat cells. Later, hormones release triglycerides for energy between meals.
When you have a standard blood test, your doctor will usually request a lipid panel to measure cholesterol , triglycerides, and total cholesterol to get an overall picture of your risk of heart health problems.
In the U.S., a triglyceride reading is interpreted as follows:
- Normal Less than 150 milligrams per deciliter
- Borderline High 150 to 199 mg/dL
- High 200 to 499 mg/dL
- Very High 500 mg/dL or higher
High triglycerides can affect more than heart health. High levels are associated with prostate issues, difficulty maintaining an erection, nerve damage related to blood sugar issues, interruption of blood flow to the brain, to name a few.
More than one third of U.S. adults have high triglyceride levels.
If you get a high reading, and your doctor tells you to change your diet, the great news is that you can. It will, however, take a focused commitment to your health.
Changing Your Diet
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Tips For Managing Cholesterol
You can keep your cholesterol levels in a healthy range and still eat cheese and other foods with cholesterol. That being said, some people find it difficult to self-regulate. You may want to take a more regimented approach. The United States Department of Health and Human Services recommends following whats called the , which is often supervised by a doctor.
It is made up of three lifestyle components:
With diet, the main goal is to decrease the amount of saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol you consume daily. Along with this, youll want to add plant stanols and sterols, which fight cholesterol. Youll also want to increase your intake of soluble fiber. Some people have success by shifting their diet to Mediterranean, Paleo, or plant-based from more traditional forms of eating.
Physical activity and weight management can lower your numbers as well. Working out regularly helps with weight loss and can raise your good cholesterol levels. It also strengthens your heart and lungs. Reaching a healthy weight may lower your bad cholesterol and triglycerides.
Switching over to a different type of diet can help you reach your goal weight more quickly. In
Swap Fatty Meats For Lean Cuts
Fatty meats are not good for you if you are trying to get lower triglycerides. Saturated fat in meat increases bad LDL cholesterol and contributes to high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol. Switch to lean cuts of meat if you do indulge. Avoid processed meats including cold cuts, bacon, ham, and sausage as these contribute to an increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and even cancer. Fatty fish is a better protein choice as it supplies healthy fats that boost heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids in salmon, trout, mackerel, herring, and tuna boost heart health and may help reduce your risk of a heart attack. However, avoid large game fish like swordfish, sailfish and king mackerel as they may contain mercury.
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If Your Triglycerides Are *very* High
If your bloodwork comes back with triglycerides of 5.65 mmol/L or more, in addition to avoiding alcohol as mentioned above, it can actually help to cut back on fat significantly even healthy fat just until resolved.
So now youre trying not to eat too much fat or carbohydrates, which may leave you wondering what to eat! And how much is too much? This is an unusual situation, so Id reach out to a dietitian for support. I can help, or your doctor should be able to connect you with one if youre not local.
Feeding Your Heart: Foods To Help Lower Cholesterol
Fruits like avocados and apples, and citrus fruits like oranges and bananas can help lower cholesterol.
Cholesterol is a material produced in the liver that your body needs to make hormones, vitamin D and other substances. Two types are in the body: Good and bad.
Bad cholesterol is called LDL cholesterol and too much of it in the body can increase risk of heart disease, says Paula McIntyre, a Marshfield Clinic registered dietitian.
Higher levels of LDL cholesterol can be deposited in the arteries, which narrows them and increases heart disease risk, she said.
Cholesterol also can come from foods we eat, so feeding your heart the right foods is an important way to lower bad cholesterol levels.
You can break down LDL cholesterol eating healthy fats and soluble fiber.
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What Food Types Cause High Triglycerides
Triglycerides happen when the body converts unneeded carbs into triglycerides, which are a type of fat. This is why starchy foods are bad for people with elevated triglyceride levels. Pasta, potatoes, and cereals can all raise triglyceride levels. People can still have these foods but it is important to have the right portions of this type of food.
What foods should I avoid with triglycerides?
The Cleveland Clinic states refined carbohydrates are a key contributor to high triglyceride levels. Avoid foods made from enriched, bleached or refined flours, such as white bread, pasta, crackers and rice.
What is the best way to reduce triglycerides?
Reducing processed carbohydrates importantly sugar, bread and other type of processed food made out of flour are also best ways to lowering triglycerides. Other food that can be added to reducing triglycerides include cold water fish, which are highly rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
What raises triglyceride levels?
Saturated and Trans Fats. Saturated fats, found in red meats and whole-fat dairy products, and trans fats, found in deep-fried foods and many store-bought snacks, can raise triglyceride levels.
Dietary And Lifestyle Recommendations
1) Follow a diet low in fat, with less than 30% of daily calories from total fat. Choose polyunsaturated fats over saturated fat:
An example of someone eating a 1500Kcal diet and aiming for less than 30% fat would be less than 50 grams of fat per day. If your triglycerides do not reduce with this, then you may need to aim for less. You will see a Dietitian who will discuss this with you.
Grams of fat to aim for: ____________grams per day
Fat should be spread out throughout the day, rather than all eaten at one mealtime. Just one large, fatty meal can increase your risk of developing pancreatitis . A meal should not contain more than 15g of fat at one time.
If your triglycerides are severely raised then it will be suggested that you follow a very strict low fat diet to bring the levels down as quickly as possible .
How do you know how much fat is in foods?
Fat is found in many different foods and drinks for example dairy products, meats, oils, nuts and cakes.
If you have a packaged food then reading the food label is the best way to identify how much fat it contains. When you look at the back of a food label, the nutritional information is often given on a table similar to below. Food labels provide information about many different nutrients found in foods including the amount of fat.
When looking at food labels per 100g you should aim for:
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